Every year lot of aspirants are Preparing for various competitive exams and its draws thousands of applicants each year. With the passing of years, all the exams are getting harder and harder. Due to this, only a few candidates are successful to reach the top. To stay on top in Competitive exams, there is always a separate strategy to be followed in each subject. Here are some tips we will discuss in the article that will help you approach each topic.
Data Interpretation (DI) and Problem-Solving
Data interpretation is a crucial aspect of almost every competitive paper. Scoring in DI is not as tough as in Maths as the variation of questions asked in DI is less.
The questions will come from data interpretation and problem-solving topics to test the analytical skills and decision-making ability of the aspirants. The information given in the form of a tabular, line chart, bar chart, pie chart, etc. should be analyzed and the answers to the questions asked should be identified. Candidates can stick to this section by practicing as many questions as possible. To find out the correct answer to the DI questions, the given points have to be examined thoroughly. The questions appearing in this section are of medium to high difficulty. Candidates to qualify for this section, Knowledge of probability and statistics should be developed, and Practice quick calculations because Accuracy plays an important role—practice problems related to averages, fractions, percentages, ratios, etc.
To ensure speed and accuracy in the DI section, you should pay attention to the five C's of success given below.
1. Components: You must remember that all the information given in the graph/table is important. You should read the graph/table carefully; Care should be taken not to overlook small details like units of quantities. It is suggested that you spend at least 10 - 15 seconds interpreting and understanding the table/graph.
2. Co-relation: In most problem sets, two or more tables/graphs are given. Before you solve the questions, you should correlate the given graphs/tables and understand their relationship/s and interdependencies.
3. Choice: You should always look at the given options before solving any question. Spending 3-4 seconds to look at the options can reduce the time taken for each question by 40 - 50 seconds. By doing this, you can remove one or more options. Remember that even a fraction of a second saved during testing is worth it!
4. Calculations: Try to use shortcuts and approximations by memorizing important fractions to make calculations fast and accurate. Intelligent guessing also helps in better time management in the DI section. The time spent in this section can be reduced by 25 - 50% by working smarter and smarter.
5. Confidence: Most importantly, have confidence in yourself. For example, if you are sure that the first, second, and fourth options are not the answer; Immediately mark the third option as the answer. There is no need to verify whether the third option is correct or not further.
Decision Making and Problem-Solving
Decision Making and Problem-Solving is a section in which questions are asked to be answered with timeliness and self-discipline, without the need for any academic knowledge. How would an officer address an incident/occasion/problem and deal with it? What decisions are made? Although there is no need for special training for this, skills can be gained by analyzing the problems happening in the real world - the decisions taken by the officials - the results.
Questions related to geography are likely to come from core topics as well as contemporary issues related to them. Therefore, attention should be paid to the topics that have gained geographical importance recently. Monsoon-advance forecasting, tiger sanctuaries, wildlife conservation centers. Recently there is a lot of discussion on River Linking. At a time when the central government feels that river connectivity is important for water and food security, this issue has become a priority. Candidates should focus on river connectivity status, inter-state water disputes, etc.
Currently, there is a big discussion on smart cities. In view of the central government giving high priority to these, there is a possibility of questions from this aspect as well. Globally (Preferably India...) should focus on island gas reserves. An understanding of uranium deposits is also a must. Focus on natural resources, transport systems, landforms, rivers, climate, etc. Continued preparation with the help of Atlas will yield good results.
Science & Technology
1. Focus on important national and international level development issues related to science and technology.
2. Space sector; Defense Sector; Focus should be on information-technology sectors. The PSLV experiments which are part of the Indian space program, domestic and foreign satellites launched, and experiments conducted by the American space research organization NASA and the European Space Agency should be focused on.
3. Questions are also likely to come from the Energy Sector.
4. More questions are likely to come from the topics of environment, biodiversity, and climate change. So awareness should be developed regarding the recent developments regarding these.
5. Environmental systems (Eco-Systems), adaptations (Adaptations), ecological interactions, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) assessment report, threats to biodiversity, etc. should be revised. Major Endemic Species of the country, their distribution, and special features are important.
Prepare well and set your mind free from stress because hard work alone gives you a cut to it. So, Keep your mind calm and prepare smartly.
For more suggestions and preparation strategies, Follow our blog. ALL THE BEST!
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